Tuesday, July 31, 2012


By Cash Michaels
Staff writer


Editor’s note - There is no question that the false prosecution forty years of the nine young black men and one white woman who would become widely known as the “Wilmington Ten,” dramatically impacted their lives, as well as those of their families and loved ones.
            Most of the defendants were young, some barely in their twenties, when they were convicted in 1972 of crimes they didn’t commit.
Some were still in high school, and living with their parents.
At least one, Anne Shepard, was raising three young children at the time.
             Most of them had dreams of bright, hope-filled futures. Some wanted to practice law. Some wanted to play professional sports.
Today, forty years later, the Wilmington Ten and their families seek individual pardons of innocence from the State of North Carolina for crimes they didn’t commit. But even pardons cannot erase the pain and struggle they’ve all endured.

Ms. Judy Mack remembers those days when her mother, Anne Shepard, stood strong against discrimination of any kind. Whether it be race, gender or size, Shepard believed that all were equal in GOD’s sight, and she raised her three children to believe the same.
That belief made life harder for Shepard, a 34-year-old white woman who, in 1971, stood foursquare with black students in Wilmington against what Shepard believed to be the racial treatment of them by the powers that be. A community worker who helped poor families in the projects, Shepard was well-known and well-respected. So working with students at Gregory Church was a natural part of what she did best.
So when the arrests began in 1972 in connection with the Mike’s Grocery Store destruction a year earlier, Shepard, a single parent, was swept up. Even though she knew that she was being targeted, Shepard refused to leave despite being warned to do so.
The authorities had hoped to turn Shepard against Rev. Ben Chavis and the other activists, but Shepard, knowing that none of them had committed any crime in association with Mike’s, refused.
She explained to her three children, Ms. Mack recalls, that she was standing on principle for the black students, and was willing to deal with whatever authorities threw at her. Thus, Shepard would stand strong against the false allegations. Mack was eleven at the time, and didn’t understand fully what was going on. But she knew that her mother needed support, so she and one of Shepard’s two other children were in court constantly (an older sister ran away), hoping that it would be all over, and that she could come back home.
“She truly believed in what she was doing,” Ms. Mack said. “And she raised us, as young women, and we, too were young women and could make a difference.”
After she was convicted, Shepard received the lowest sentence of all of the Wilmington Ten. But being sent away for a total of 15 years was a blow to Shepard’s children.
“It was hard being separated from my mother, “ Ms. Mack says. She recalls a relative having to make the daylong travel to the prison to see their mother, and then staying over in a motel to make it back home safely. The visits were very emotionally.
Shepard was “never a complainer, never a whiner. She was string for us, for other people,” says Mack.
In order to partially survive prison, Shepard learned how to crochet to keep her mind and hands busy.
“My mother wasn’t a knitting kind of person, but she wanted to make sure that we had Christmas presents from her,” Mack recalls. She made hats, sweaters and scarves.
Shepard also spent plenty of tine in the prison law library, loving to read and write. At one point, she helped organize a boycott in women’s prison, protesting what she felt were violations of inmates’ right.
Though her freedom was restricted, Shepard lived to help people, and that’s what kept her going.
When she was released early while the case was on appeal, Anne Shepard was eventually reunited with her daughters, moved to Raleigh, and continued improving herself.  After a few years when the appeals to the North Carolina courts failed, she had to turn herself in, this separating from her daughters again.
Shepard was finally released from prison again, and eventually moved to Durham regaining custody of her daughters after a few months. She continued to improve herself through courses and other work, graduated from Durham Tech in the end.
Mack said Shepard was always being questioned by other white people about why she would sacrifice herself for blacks, which she didn’t appreciate.
And on one fateful evening, while walking home, Shepard walked over to a car when she heard the occupant call out to her, and ended up being seriously beaten.
In 2011, Anne Shepard, residing in Durham, died.
If Judy Mack could asked Gov. Perdue to issue a pardon of innocence for her mother, Anne Shepard, what would she say?
“The evidence should show that there was misconduct, and that [the Wilmington Ten] are innocent,” Mack says. “To be in prison is one thing, but to be in prison away from your children, your family…I can’t imagine…’

                                           REGINALD EPPS
If there’s one Wilmington Ten member who insists on leaving the whole sordid way he was treated behind, it is Reginald Epps. He does not attend anniversary programs, nor do interviews. Epps works very hard not to think about how, at a very young age, the Wilmington Ten experience forced him to struggle to survive.
“As you go through life, you’ve got this thing over you…this cloud over your mind,” he says. You realize that you don’t have access to things that you ordinarily think you would be able to get access to - jobs…being able to fill out a resume and present myself at an interview. I knew those things were probably closed off to me, or at least I felt that way. I had to backdoor my way into a normalcy or a life [after leaving prison], as opposed to the more traditional graduate high school, then go to college and get a job.”
Epps didn’t pass his high school courses, nor get a diploma, until he was serving time in prison.
And yet, Epps, one of nine children, credits the experience for, in a sense, changing his life. He readily admits being a young man who stayed in trouble, heading down a path in life that assured worst things to come. He was a hustler, with no dreams
Epps was 17, and a student at Hoggard High when he found himself caught in the Wilmington Ten web. He visited the Gregory Church often because it was the only experience he had of being with other black students who were engaged in positive pursuits to build self-esteem, pride and knowledge of self.
It was 1972 when two school resource officers walked up to Reggie Epps in the school hallway and said, “Come with us.” Epps had no idea why, but when he found out that he was being charged as a conspirator in the firebombing of Mike’s Grocery, neither he nor his parents could believe it.
“I had no clue,” Epps says. He was also puzzled when he saw other friends of his who ultimately comprised the Wilmington Ten. He knew them all, and knew that the police had the wrong people.
Epps says the families that had resources were able to get their children out of the trouble. The teens who were left behind, like himself, were the most vulnerable because their parents couldn’t fight back.
His mother scolded Epps for even being involved with the black student movement at Gregory Church, feeling that because it was radical, it would only lead to trouble, no matter what the cause.
Epps goes on trial with Ben Chavis and nine others, and he knew that convictions were certain from watching the prosecutor challenge black jurors in the second trial, while ‘redneckish” white jurors were getting on with little problem.
When the trial was over, Epps is sentenced to a combined 28 years in prison. The relevance of it didn’t hit Epps right away, he says. His family did not attend the trial, and were not there during the sentencing.
Odom Farms was the prison Epps was assigned to. Because of the distance, his parent can’t visit. Epps writes letters, particularly with his sister.
Epps survived prison by sticking close to Willie Vereen and other Ten members.
“You had those up days and down days,” he recalls.
While he was in prison, Epps stepfather was killed.
When Epps was finally early released in the late 1970’s, he was glad, especially since the case against the Wilmington Ten was unraveling before the world.
Epps knew not to come back to Wilmington. He moved to Raleigh to start his life fresh. Epps knows that his Wilmington Ten background will sink opportunities, so he takes the lowest level jobs possible so that he can work his way up without detection.
The strategy worked for a number of years, allowing Epps to work his way up the corporate ladder. He had to leave in order to take care of his mother, who later passed.
After that trauma in his life, Epps started all over again, finding low level work to “back door” his way up the ladder again.
So why does Reginald Epps feel that he deserves a pardon of innocence from the state of North Carolina? Epps said the pardon should have been rendered years ago when Gov. Jim Hunt was still in office.
“Second, it’s the right thing to do. I had nothing to do with that [Mike’s Grocery] mess. Your system screwed up,” Epps said. “You can fix it.”

                                              WAYNE MOORE
After Wayne Moore was finally released from prison in 1979 after spending several years as a member of the Wilmington Ten, he went back to Wilmington, hoping not only to be reaccepted into the community, but to get his young life on track after being falsely convicted of crimes he did not do.
Moore was originally sentenced to 29 years in prison at age 19.
But it soon became clear, after losing job after job, and being shunned by many in the community, that there was no future for Moore in his hometown anymore.
So he had to move to Michigan, where he learned a trade as an electrician, and is gainfully employed.
But Moore had to leave his home, friends and family in North Carolina to have any positive future at all. It is a sacrifice and indignity Moore had to suffer, on top of being tried, convicted, and serving in prison.
All because as a student in Wilmington in 1971, he stood up and demanded equal education for black students in New Hanover County schools.
Moore wrote the following, a while back, about how he saw his struggles:
Although I can only imagine what it was like to be a slave chained to the bowels of a slave ship, my experience with the Wilmington 10 allowed me to somewhat sample physical bondage with no ability for self-reliance, or self-determination.
           Once freed from physical bondage one may either become careless and carefree, mean and desensitized, or fragile and unable to cope. Or one may become courageous warrior triumphant in many of their endeavors. Seldom does one exit unaffected.
Although I am determined to somehow triumph, I have struggled tremendously over the years to overcome the psychological and social effects of being imprisoned for crimes I never committed. My self-confidence and self-esteem were shattered. After long separations from my family and friends, I found it difficult to deal effectively with the responsibilities of everyday life, including fatherhood.  My young children resented the time I spent away from them and our relationships have never been quite the same. Repairing those wounded relationships has been my most difficult challenged to date.  The State of North Carolina has never been held accountable for this tragic disruption in my life after allowing one of the most blatant miscarriages of justice in the history of America to take place. The city of Wilmington has already apologized for this injustice. It is now time for the state of North Carolina to do the same by granting The Wilmington Ten a full pardon of innocence.

                                         BENJAMIN CHAVIS
Without a doubt, the most famous member of the Wilmington Ten its leader, Dr. Benjamin F. Chavis. He was the convener of the 1995 Million Man March. He led the NAACP as its president/CEO, and today, Chavis heads the Hip-Hop Action Network, and is a respected businessman  who travels the world.
But whatever success Ben Chavis has had since his experience with the Wilmington Ten, has come at a personal price that still haunts him today.
Almost as soon as then-Rev. Ben Chavis, a civil rights organizer sent by the United Church of Christ, arrived in Wilmington to help lead the black student protest in February 1971, he was branded an outsider by public officials, warned to leave town, and his life was immediately is threatened.
Indeed, white supremacists are allowed by local police to open fire at Gregory Church, where Rev. Chavis, 24, is working with black students, training them how to peacefully, but forcefully, demonstrate for justice in the public schools.
Chavis tells of having a bullet fired at him, piercing his leather jacket.
“I was shot at a number of times,” he recalls, adding that people were wounded as a result. But police refused repeatedly to investigate, or call a curfew to prevent further violence, in hopes that Rev. Chavis or some of his “radical” followers would get hurt, or even killed.
“We were building a growing movement, and that was threatening to the power structure of Wilmington,” Chavis says.
On February 6, 1971, Mike’s Grocery, a block down from Gregory Church, was firebombed. Chavis is immediately blamed. A warrant is eventually issued for his arrest. He has to negotiate the terms of turning himself in safely.
Chavis is tried and convicted of conspiracy to commit murder, and conspiracy to firebomb Mike’s Grocery. Rev. Chavis was sentenced to 34 years in prison.
In his own words, Rev. Chavis talked about his experience in incarceration.
Life in the five different North Carolina maximum, medium and later minimum security prisons where I was imprisoned in 1972, 1976, 1977,1978, and throughout 1979 were the years that I personally experienced what millions on prisoners in the United States are made to endure.  I was not a “celebrity” inmate.  I got the same dehumanizing and degrading treatment that the average prisoner received.
I learned to stay focus on not just my individual rights or to focus only on the Wilmington Ten case, but just as importantly, I spent most of my prison time advocating for the rights of prisoners in US and in particular the rights of all US political prisoners. 
I have several motivations. First, the members of the Wilmington Ten were innocent of the unjust charges. Secondly, my faith in God, family and the freedom struggle kept me going in a positive state of mind even though I was in the midst of death threats and plots while in prison.  Thirdly, I was motivated by the courage and determination of my young co-defendants who also stayed strong, even though at times the prison officials kept us in separate state prisons. 
  Finally I kept my “spirit” strong.  One of the objects of political incarceration is to break the spirit of the political prisoner.  I came out of prison stronger and more committed to the struggle for freedom, justice and equality.
The Wilmington Ten case, struggle and eventual victory had a tremendous impact in helping to shape who I am today.  I was 23 years-old when the incident in Wilmington happened, but by that age, I was already an eleven-year veteran of the Civil Rights Movement.  We were imprisoned when I was 24 years-old.  What I later accomplished in my 30’s, 40’s and 50’s was certainly impacted and  shaped by the Wilmington Ten chapter of my life.
  Today, I am still a “freedom fighter.”

NATIONAL COUNCIL OF ELDERS FORMS IN GREENSBORO - Members of the newly formed  National Council of Elders visit the F.W. Woolworth sit-ins exhibition at the International Civil Rights Museum in Greensboro. As veterans of the civil and human rights struggle, the council says they will listen to youth leaders, and share their wisdom and experience to help impact critical issues. [Cash Michaels video still]

By Cash Michaels

            [GREENSBORO] They come from all walks of the civil and human rights struggle, each a distinguished leader with a long record of advocacy molded in courage, and sacrifice.
            Ministers, activists, poets, former elected officials, retired military, disciples of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and even the former US ambassador to South Africa, among others.
            But this week these leaders - some in their 60’s, 70’s, and even some at age 80 if not beyond- came together in what they themselves called “an historic gathering,” specifically in Greensboro, and at NC A&T University, to be reborn in a collective purpose, amid the legacy of the 1960 lunch counter sit-in movement that inspired the world, and still inspires them all.
They are now the National Council of Elders, and by their own definition, the new entity is ”…a newly organized, independent group of leaders from many of the defining American social justice movements of the 20th century, committed to educating and mentoring future leaders who will join, and lead democratizing movements in the 21st century.”
In effect, the Council - seeing a nation that 40 and 50 years ago they fought mightily to ensure would care for the poor, educate its youth, and protect the rights of communities of color - is reengaging in those struggles on a collective level because they see the progress that they and other leaders like Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr had achieved, being eroded at an alarming rate.
Indeed, during their lively three-day conference discussions at NC A&T The Carolinian had exclusive access to, some had expressed dire concern that even if President Barack Obama is re-reelected, the forces of negative change per the nation’s economic and social structures have amassed a great deal of momentum.
Momentum the president alone can’t battle.
The Council hopes that by coming together now, and bringing to fore literally hundreds of years of collective experience in civil, human, environmental, anti-war, labor, women’s economic, immigrant and gay-lesbian rights advocacy, they join with young leadership like the Occupy Movement, and develop strategies, based on direct non-violence advocacy, to make America more responsive to the needs of its people, rather than the machinations of the powerful.
They see their role today, as a collective, in so many facets. Mentorship. Empowerment. Giving, yes, but also getting from youth leaders. Telling the true story of how they ushered in an era of true social change, blemishes and all. Sharing wisdom, experience and knowledge. Preserving the tradition of civil rights movement.
In short, properly equipping today’s young leadership to lead.
“If you have your own voice, you can create your own weather,” says Elder Dr. Bernice Johnson Reagon, leader of the famed acappella spiritual singing group Sweet Honey in the Rock.
The phrase, “tall order,” doesn’t even begin to define the massive challenge this league of older diverse leaders face. But a closer look at who they are, the obstacles they faced, and the causes they fought, and in some respects are still fighting, suggests that facing long odds and towering circumstances is nothing new for this bunch.
Rev. James Lawson and his brother, Rev. Phillip Lawson, both of whom, along with Dr. Vincent Harding, worked closely with Dr. King and others in the movement, strategizing and teaching youth leaders with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee during the 60’s how to confront racism in the South, using the philosophy and practice of peaceful direct action.
Other Elders include Dolores Hurta, cofounder of the United Farm Workers with Cesar Chavez, to advocate for immigrant labor rights; and Rev Dr. Mel White, who has long fought for equal right in the gay and lesbian community.
The birthplace of the National Council of Elders is no accident.
Greensboro is seen throughout the civil rights community and the world as one of the meccas of the movement, where in February of 1960, four courageous NC A&T University students, went to the downtown F. W. Woolworth store, sat down at the all-white lunch counter, and peacefully, but firmly, demanded to be served.
It was a direct challenge to southern segregation laws, and it ignited a nationwide youth movement that saw the birth of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and young leaders like Rev. Charles Sherrod, who with his wife, Shirley Sherrod, who was fired from her federal job two years ago by the Obama Administration because she was falsely labeled as a racist by the Tea Party, attended the council conference.
Indeed, when the Elders held their first press conference Tuesday to announce their formation and purpose, it was on A&T’s campus, directly under the towering statue of the Greensboro Four.
They also came, from all across the nation, because of the work of Rev. Nelson Johnson and his wife, Joyce.
Longtime veterans of the movement for justice in Greensboro, the Johnsons have been leading as from their college years where they respectively led movements for equality, to Rev. Johnson’s involvement in the November 1979 Greensboro massacre where Klansmen and Nazis killed several demonstrators, to the Beloved Community Center the couple leads today.
The respect that many have for the Johnson’s great work in Greensboro, made this city of civil rights history the perfect place for the Council to be born, they say.
            It is by no accident that the National Council of Elders rejects the idea of “passing the torch.” That would suggest they have relinquished their roles in the human rights struggle.
            Instead, they proclaim that they are, “merging the light and heat of the torches [they] carried in the 20th century with the light and heat of the torches” now carried by the young leaders of the 21st century, to inspire them to boldly move forward towards the “beloved community.”


            Outgoing North Carolina Central University Chancellor Charlie Nelms’ last day on the job is next week, August 6th. But he has said precious little about exactly why he is leaving, let lone why now. Helms, 65, has led NCCU since 2007. He was scheduled to meet with the press this week, but changed his mind, instead issuing a statement saying, ““I am grateful for the opportunity to have served as the 10th Chancellor of North Carolina Central University. I feel strongly and passionately about shifting the discussion from my retirement to the arrival of Interim Chancellor Charles Becton next week and his efforts to continue moving NCCU forward while focusing on the university’s number one priority: student success. Retired Judge Charles Becton has been appointed interim NCCU chancellor.           

            The prize is only bragging rights, but if you’re interested, the NC Dept. of Transportation is sponsoring a naming contest for Triangle to name the new I-40/440 ii mile reconstruction project from US Highway 1 in Cary to US Highway 64/264 in Raleigh. One or two names (no profanity) will be accepted. Entries must be submitted to lrfriedman@ncdot.gov by 5 p.m. on Aug. 10. The best five names will be chosen by NCDOT staff. A public vote will be taken on www.ncdot. gov from Aug 14 - 17. Winner will be announced on Aug 22.

            If you’re living in the Raleigh - Cary area, and are looking for a job, congratulations. According to the Forbes Magazine, Raleigh-Cary is seventh on the latest “Best Cities for Jobs” list. That means among metropolitan areas with 450,000 or more jobs, Raleigh-Cary has moved from last year’s 14th place to seventh. Raleigh-Cary has had 2.2 percent growth in the past year.



            [PRINCEVILLE] For the second time in its history, the African-American-founded town of Princeville has allowed the state of North Carolina to take over it finances so it can ultimately balance its budget. The Local Government Commission, an arm of the State Treasurer’s Office, took over the Edgecombe County town’s books Monday. Reportedly, Princeville is operating $1 million beyond its budget, and according to the state, does not have the personnel, or the expertise to manage a $310,700 loan to overhaul its water meter system. Princeville Mayor Priscilla Everette-Oates opposed the state takeover. 

            [RALEIGH] A former employee of the state Democratic Party alleges that the chairman of the party defamed him once the employee left the party several months ago, after alleging being sexually harassed by the former executive director, Adriadn Ortega.
Ortega’s attorney, Kieran Shanahan, filed a court injunction, as part of a defamation lawsuit against party Chairman David Parker, charging that Parker “suggested” in a press conference that Ortega wasn’t telling the truth about being sexually harassed by Jay Parmley, who resigned his executive director’s post. A secret settlement from Parker was reportedly taken by Ortega to keep quiet. At press time, a Wake County hearing was scheduled Wednesday afternoon.

            [NEW YORK] A Raleigh woman who snatched a newborn baby from a Harlem hospital in 1987, and raised her as her own for 23 years, was sentenced to 12 years in prison by a NY judge. Federal prosecutors felt Ann Pettaway, 50, should have gotten at least 20 years. The judge told Pettaway she “inflicted a parent’s worst nightmare.”




By Cash Michaels

            THE FIRST LADY - One of the highlights of the Games of the XXX Olympiad was seeing First Lady Michelle Obama in London leading the American delegation. She has been our number one cheerleader over there, being present at tennis matches to encourage Serena Williams, and being ready with healthy hugs for the sweaty Team USA men’s basketball team (it’s a good thing the men’s swimming team isn’t doing so hot. Can’t imagine Michelle Obama hugging a bunch of dripping wet naked men).
            The First Lady just brings so much love and humanity to everything that she does, especially when she represents her husband, and our nation.
            No matter what happens next November in the presidential election, this a time in history I hope none of us every forget a time when we had a First Lady that always had time to share herself with a nation, a community, or even a child.
            Michelle Obama will go down in history as the great woman that she is. I have no doubt. 
            THE OLYMPICS - I just love the global energy of the Summer Olympic games. To see the best of our young people compete on the worldwide stage, to see the commitment and determination, and best of all, to see the humanity displayed that we all share, is something that is so needed, given the foolishness, and out and out lying that we see from just about every quarter during this election year.
            To put it simply, watching the Olympics on television is refreshing because, beyond the Team USA men’s basketball squad (and various NBA players playing for other countries), we know that the athletes are not wealthy, spoiled brats. Those kids are regular people, are our neighbors, who have scrapped up their money, and worked and trained very hard to be where they are today.
            That means something to most of us because it permits us to genuinely cheer them on.
            Oh sure, I love watching “Dream Team 2012” thrash an opposing team by 30-40 points. But I know that every player - from Lebron to Kobe - will brush off losing the gold because they’re really in the business of winning an NBA championship.
            But the kid who does not play for pro team, who is only playing to be the best for family, hometown and country, who plays with all of the heart in the world, THAT is the kid I root for more than any other, because we know that’s all they have.
            So we’ll see ultimately who wins the gold, and who doesn’t.
            But regardless of the outcome, we’re proud of all of them for fighting, and trying, to be the best in the world, and for representing us.
            DON CHEADLE - Last weekend, I took my nien-year-old daughter, KaLa, with me to Durham on my interview with acting superstar Don Cheadle. Cheadle is one of Hollywood’s most versatile actors, having starred or co-starred with George Clooney, Brad Pitt and Al Pacino (the “Ocean 11” films); Denzel Washington (“Devil in  Blue Dress” and the upcoming “Flight”), and of course  Robert Downey Jr. (“Iron Man 2”).
            Cheadle has been in Wilmington for the past several weeks doing “Iron Man 3” returning to his role as “War Machine.”
            But Saturday, Cheadle was visiting Durham and Raleigh, stumping on behalf of Pres. Obama. Cheadle was very clear on why he felt it was imperative that the president must be reelected. He is an intelligent man of the arts ho cares deeply about important issues, and his president.
            Listen to Cheadle’s interview this afternoon (Thursday) at 4 p.m. on my show, “Make it Happen,” on Power 750 WAUG-Am, and on the web at www.myWAUG.com.
            THE COUNCIL OF ELDERS - This week I’m in Greensboro covering the National Council of Elders Conference at NC A&T University. I’ve covered a lot of meetings and conferences, but this one is unique, indeed.
            “Veterans of the defining American social justice movements of the 20th century.”
            That is their definition of who they are, and what they’ve done. Many are civil rights activists of the 50’s and 60’s. Some worked with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and Cesar Chavez to bring about the great social change we enjoy today. Some were anti-war and gay rights activists. Some were environmentalists.
            I even met an activist, who once was a monk, who years ago married a nun.
            I’m not kidding.
            This week they all came together to discuss ways of using their great experience and wisdom of yesteryear, to impact the issues and politics of today.
            The very fact that at ages of 60, 70 and 80 (if not older) these activists still believe that they have something to offer to improve our collective quality of life.
            You’ll be reading the story elsewhere in this paper, but make no mistake, based on what I’ve heard during this conference, you will be hearing from the National Council of Elders in the very near future.   
            Make sure you tune in every Thursday afternoon at 4 p.m. for my talk radio show, ''Make It Happen'' on Power 750 WAUG-AM, or online at www.myWAUG.com. And read more about my thoughts and opinions exclusively at my new blog, ‘The Cash Roc” (http://thecashroc.blogspot.com/2011/01/cash-roc-begins.html). I promise it will be interesting.
Cash in the Apple - honored as the Best Column Writing of 2006 by the National Newspaper Publishers Association. Columnist Cash Michaels was also honored by the NNPA for Best Feature Story Journalist of 2009, and was the recipient of the Raleigh-Apex NAACP’s President’s Award for Media Excellence in Sept. 2011.
Until next week, keep a smile on your face, GOD in your heart, and The Carolinian in your life. Bye, bye.

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